World Cancer Day on 4 February
Thiruvananthapuram, 03 Feb – Highlighting the need to step up tobacco control efforts, incidence of tobacco related cancer in Thiruvananthapuram district has shown an alarming increase of 220 per cent among males and 219 per cent among females over the six-year period from 2009-11 to 2012-14.
The number of cancer cases among men shot up sharply from 885 in 2009-11 to 2,835 in 2012-14, as per the latest publicly available Population Based Cancer Registries (PBCR) of the Indian Council of Medical Research.
An analysis of the registry reports reveals that the number of tobacco related cancers among females sharply went up from 272 cases in 2009-11 to 869 in 2012-14 in the district.
Significantly, tobacco related cancers among men are the third highest in a ranking of 27 population-based registries in the country covered by the 2012-14 report with 2835 cases. This is the highest after Delhi (4185 cases) and Ahmedabad Urban (3085 cases).
The PBCR Thiruvanathapuram was established in 2006 with the objectives of assessing the magnitude and pattern of cancer incidence and mortality rates as well as estimating relative survival of various cancers.
Lung cancers top the tobacco related cancers among males, according to the consolidated report of Hospital Based Cancer Registries maintained at Regional Cancer Centre (RCC) here.
Demonstrating an increasing trend over the years, the proportion of tobacco related lung cancers among males have risen from 28 per cent in 1999-2000 to 35.7 per cent in 2012-14. It was 29.5 per cent in 2001-03, 29.9 per cent in 2004-06; and 33.1 per cent in 2007-11.
Consistent with the knowledge that women in Kerala are more prone to using smokeless tobacco products, mouth cancer has the first place among tobacco related cancers in this gender.
Projections of the ‘PBCRs: 2012-2014’ on the number of cases and relative burden of cancer in the country show that tobacco related cancers would top the list of all cancers by 2020 with an estimated 523,471 cases accounting for 30 per cent of all cancers.
These reports are available at http://ncrpindia.org/Annual_Reports.aspx. Ends
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